A Case Report and Literature Review: Intraneural Ganglion Cyst Causing Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome.


Associate Professor in Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Chief, Division of Podiatric Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA. Electronic address: [Email]


Intraneural ganglion cysts are benign mucinous lesions that form within joints and enter adjacent nerves via an articular branch. Despite being morphologically characterized as benign, they can demonstrate considerable intrafascicular destruction and expansion, resulting in worsening compressive neuropathies or nerve injury. There have been several suggested theories of pathogenesis, but the most widely accepted articular (synovial) theory describes a capsular defect in a neighboring joint that allows joint fluid to egress and track along the epineurium of the innervating articular branch. In this case report, we describe an intraneural ganglionic cyst located in the tarsal tunnel with extensive involvement of the tibial nerve. We describe the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment as well as review the current literature on intraneural ganglionic cysts.


articular theory,intraneural ganglionic cyst,peripheral neuropathy,posterior tibial nerve,tarsal tunnel syndrome,tibial nerve,