A SUMOylation-dependent switch of RAB7 governs intracellular life and pathogenesis of Salmonella Typhimurium.

Affiliation

Laboratory of Gut Inflammation and Infection Biology, Regional Centre for Biotechnology NCR Biotech Science Cluster 3rd Milestone, Faridabad-Gurgaon Expressway, Faridabad - 121 001 Haryana (NCR Delhi), India [Email]

Abstract

Salmonella Typhimurium is an intracellular pathogen that causes gastroenteritis in humans. Aided by a battery of effector proteins, S. Typhimurium resides intracellularly in a specialized vesicle, called the Salmonella-containing vacuole (SCV) that utilizes the host endocytic vesicular transport pathway (VTP). Here, we probed the possible role of SUMOylation, a post-translation modification pathway, in SCV biology. Proteome analysis by complex mass-spectrometry (MS/MS) revealed a dramatically altered SUMO-proteome (SUMOylome) in S. Typhimurium-infected cells. RAB7, a component of VTP, was key among several crucial proteins identified in our study. Detailed MS/MS assays, in vitro SUMOylation assays and structural docking analysis revealed SUMOylation of RAB7 (RAB7A) specifically at lysine 175. A SUMOylation-deficient RAB7 mutant (RAB7K175R) displayed longer half-life, was beneficial to SCV dynamics and functionally deficient. Collectively, the data revealed that RAB7 SUMOylation blockade by S. Typhimurium ensures availability of long-lived but functionally compromised RAB7, which was beneficial to the pathogen. Overall, this SUMOylation-dependent switch of RAB7 controlled by S. Typhimurium is an unexpected mode of VTP pathway regulation, and unveils a mechanism of broad interest well beyond Salmonella-host crosstalk. This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.

Keywords

PTMs,RAB7,SUMOylation,Salmonella,Salmonella-containing vacuole,Vesicular transport system,