Hunan Key Laboratory of Processed Food for Special Medical Purpose, National Engineering Laboratory for Deep Process of Rice and Byproducts, Hunan Key Laboratory of Grain-oil Deep Process and Quality Control, College of Food Science and Engineering, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, Hunan, 41004, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Selenium is a biologically essential micronutrient element serving as an essential building block for selenoproteins (SePs), which is playing a key role in various cellular functions. Hence, it is of great significance to developing a reliable and rapid method for detection of Sec in biosystems. Compared with the previously reported probes that have been developed for selective detection of Sec, two-photon (TP) ratiometric Sec-specific probes would be advantageous for the NIR excitation and built-in correction of the dual emission bands. To quantitatively and selectively detect Sec over biothiols with rapid and sensitive response, we for the first time report a new fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based TP ratiometric fluorescence probe CmNp-Sec, which was constructed by conjugating a TP fluorophore 6 (coumarin derivative with a D-π-A-structure) with a naphthalimide fluorophore 9 via a non-conjugated linker, and employed a 4-dinitrobenzene-ether (DNB) with a strong ICT effect as Sec responsive moiety. It exhibits quantitatively detect Sec in a wide range (0-50 μM) with a limit of detection of 7.88 nM within 10 min. More impressively, this probe can be conveniently used to detect Sec in living cells, tissues and zebrafish, demonstrating it has the latent capability in further biological applications.