A cross-sectional study of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus at the equine-human interface.

Affiliation

Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad, 38000, Pakistan. [Email]

Abstract

The present study aimed at investigating the percent prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in equines and associated personnel. A total of 150 swabs of equines and 50 nasal swab samples of associated personnel were collected. These samples were processed in mannitol salt broth for enrichment. A total of 175 nasal swab samples changed the broth color from pink to yellow which were detected as samples containing S. aureus. These samples were processed further on specific media, namely mannitol salt agar, Staph-110, and blood agar, for phenotypic and Gram's staining-based confirmation of S. aureus isolates. Out of these 175 S. aureus-positive samples, 150 were of equine and 25 were of human origin. Identification of MRSA isolates in 175 S. aureus-positive samples was carried out by antimicrobial susceptibility testing by disc diffusion method. Results showed the presence of MRSA in 87 samples, out of which 81 samples were collected from equines and six samples from humans. Results of antibiotic testing revealed that percentage positivity of MRSA was higher (54%) in equines as compared with the associated personnel (24%). Most resistant antibiotics against MRSA isolates were oxacillin and methicillin while linezolid was found to be the most sensitive antibiotic against MRSA. In conclusion, our findings indicated prevalence of MRSA in equines and associated personnel evidencing an occupational risk of contracting MRSA from horses.

Keywords

Antimicrobial susceptibility,Horses,Human,Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus,