A method for the minimally invasive drug monitoring of mitotane by means of volumetric absorptive microsampling for a home-based therapeutic drug monitoring.

Affiliation

Institute for Pharmacy and Food Chemistry, University of Würzburg, Am Hubland, 97074, Würzburg, Germany. [Email]

Abstract

Mitotane is the only currently approved treatment for adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC), a rare endocrine malignancy. Plasma levels within the range of 14 to 20 mg L-1 are correlated with higher clinical efficacy and manageable toxicity. Because of this narrow therapeutic index and slow pharmacokinetics, therapeutic drug monitoring is an essential element of mitotane therapy. A small step towards the therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) by volumetric absorptive microsampling (VAMS) was made with this work. A simple method enabling the patient to collect capillary blood at home for the control of mitotane blood concentration was developed and characterized using MITRA™ VAMS 20 μL microsampler. Dried blood samples were extracted prior to HPLC-UV analysis. Mitotane and the internal standard dicofol (DIC) were detected at 230 nm by ultra-violet detection after separation on a C8 reversed phase column. The assay was validated in the range of 1 to 50 mg L-1. Dried samples were stable at room temperature and at 2-8 °C for 1 week. At 37 °C, a substantial amount of the analyte was lost probably due to evaporation. Hematocrit bias, a common problem of conventional dried blood techniques, was acceptable in the tested range. However, a significant difference in recovery from spiked and authentic patient blood was detected. Comparison of mitotane concentration in dried blood samples (CDBS) by VAMS with venous plasma in patients on mitotane therapy demonstrated poor correlation of CDBS with the concentration in plasma (CP). In conclusion, application of VAMS in clinical routine for mitotane TDM appears to be of limited value in the absence of a method-specific target range.

Keywords

Adrenocortical carcinoma,HPLC-UV,Mitotane,Therapeutic drug monitoring,Volumetric absorptive microsampling,