A multifunctional-targeted nanoagent for dual-mode image-guided therapeutic effects on ovarian cancer cells.


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400010, China, [Email]


UNASSIGNED : Nanomedicine has emerged as a novel therapeutic modality for cancer treatment and diagnosis. Lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles (LPHNPs) are core-shell nanoparticle (NP) structures comprising polymer cores and lipid shells, which exhibit complementary characteristics of both polymeric NPs and liposomes. However, it is difficult to wrap perfluoropentane (PFP) into core-shell NPs in the existing preparation process, which limits its application in the integration of diagnosis and treatment.
UNASSIGNED : The folate-targeted LPHNPs-loaded indocyanine green/PFP-carrying oxygen (TOI_HNPs) using a combination of two-step method and solution evaporation technique for the first time. The essential properties and dual-mode imaging characteristics of developed NPs were determined. The cellular uptake of TOI_HNPs was detected by confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. The SKOV3 cell viability and apoptosis rate were evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and flow cytometry. The ROS was demonstrated by fluorescence microplate reader and the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) and IL-6 was detected by Western blot.
UNASSIGNED : TOI_HNPs showed spherical morphology with particle size about (166.83±5.54) nm and zeta potential at -(30.57±1.36) mV. It exhibited better stability than lipid NPs and higher encapsulation efficiency as well as active targeting ability than poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) NPs. In addition, the novel NPs could also act as the contrast agents for ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging, providing precision guidance and monitoring. Furthermore, TOI_HNPs-mediated photo-sonodynamic therapy (PSDT) caused more serious cell damage and more obvious cell apoptosis, compared with other groups. The PSDT mediated by TOI_HNPs induced generation of intracellular ROS and downregulated the expression of HIF-1α and IL-6 in SKOV3 cells.
UNASSIGNED : This kind of multifunctional-targeted nanoagent may provide an ideal strategy for combination of high therapeutic efficacy and dual-mode imaging guidance.


core-shell nanoparticle,laser,phase transformation,photo-sonodynamic therapy,photoacoustic imaging,ulta-sound,