A new multivariate standard addition strategy for stripping voltammetric electronic tongues: Application to the determination of Tl(I) and In(III) in samples with complex matrices.


Departament d'Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica, Facultat de Química, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1-11, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: [Email]


A new multivariate standard addition strategy applicable to stripping methods was proposed as an extention of the classical univariate standard addition method for the resolution of complex samples involving overlapped peaks and complex matrices. The proposed strategy consists in alternate additions of the considered analytes and the further extrapolation to a simulated blank solution measured by skipping the preconcentration step (deposition time = 0). This calibration approach was successfully tested in tonic water samples spiked with Tl(I) and In(III) using a sensor array based on a SeCyst-SPCNFE and an ex-situ-BiSPCE, providing good concordance between replicates and much better accuracy than the usual multivariate external calibration method.


Anodic striping voltammetry,Matrix effect,Multivariate standard addition,Partial least squares (PLS) calibration,Sensor array,