A new way to improve physicochemical properties of potato starch.

Affiliation

Macromolecular Chemistry and New Polymeric Materials, Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG, Groningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Starch is an important class of macromolecules for human nutrition. However, its rapid digestibility leads to a high amount of glucose released into the blood and contributes to a high risk of obesity and type II diabetes. For these reasons, Heat-moisture treatment (HMT) of the starch was applied prior to complexation with linoleic acid to obtain a desired physicochemical properties while preserving its granular structure. The thermal properties, analyzed by DSC, implied that the HMT enhanced the formation of amylose-linoleic acid complexes, particularly when the complexation was succeeded at 70 °C. The viscosity behavior studied by RVA demonstrated a higher pasting temperature and lower peak viscosity due to less swelling. The granule-like structure remained after complexation at 70 °C for 30 min and followed by RVA to 85 °C. The combination of the HMT and linoleic acid addition improved the stability of the starch granules towards heating and shearing.

Keywords

Amylose inclusion complexes,Heat-moisture treatment,Linoleic acid,Potato starch granular structure,Thermal transition,Viscosity behavior,