A novel linear 3-O-methylated galactan isolated from Cantharellus cibarius activates macrophages.


Jilin Province Key Laboratory on Chemistry and Biology of Changbai Mountain Natural Drugs, School of Life Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]


A novel polysaccharide (WCCP-N-b) with a molecular weight of 18 kDa was isolated and purified from the fruiting bodies of Cantharellus cibarius. Monosaccharide composition, methylation analysis and NMR spectra indicated that WCCP-N-b was a linear α-1,6-galactan, partially methylated at O-3 of galactose. The molar ratio of Gal, 3-methylated-Gal, Glc and Man was 14.4:4.6:1.0:1.2. WCCP-N-b could significantly increase macrophage phagocytosis, release of NO and secretion of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β. On a cellular mechanistic level, WCCP-N-b activated MAPKs and NF-κB signaling pathway via Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2). To further elucidate the structure-function relationship, WCCP-N-b was hydrolyzed by acid. Four degraded fragments were obtained, with molecular weights of 16.1 kDa, 11.2 kDa, 5 kDa and 3.5 kDa, respectively. Their macrophage activation effects were significantly decreased along with the molecular weight decrease. Collectively, WCCP-N-b could activate RAW264.7 cells, and the activation effect was related to its molecular weight.


3-O-methylated galactan,Cantharellus cibarius,Macrophage,Polysaccharide,TLR2,