A novel pathogenic variant in TNPO3 in a Hungarian family with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 1F.


Department of Neurology, University of Pécs, Medical School, Pécs, Hungary; Neuropathology Unit, Department of Pathology, University of Pécs, Medical School, Pécs, Hungary. Electronic address: [Email]


Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) are a group of genetically heterogeneous muscular diseases that predominantly affect the proximal muscles. Pathogenic variants in TNPO3 have been associated with a rare, autosomal dominant limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 1F (LGMD1F) in a large Italian-Spanish family and an isolated LGMD1F case. Here we present two individuals from a Hungarian family with an early-onset, slowly progressive muscular dystrophy. Both the female proband and her affected son had delayed early motor milestones including first walking at 14 months and 18 months, respectively. Both present with progressive weakness of facial, bulbar, axial, and distal muscles especially of the lower extremities. Electromyography indicated myogenic damage and muscle biopsy from the proband showed myopathic alterations with sarcoplasmic masses and signs of mitochondrial dysfunction. Exome sequencing of the female proband identified a novel c.2767delC p.(Arg923AspfsTer17) variant in TNPO3. Sanger sequencing confirmed the presence of the TNPO3 variant in the affected son; the unaffected son did not have the variant. The identification of the c.2767delC variant further supports the clinical significance of TNPO3 and expands the clinical spectrum of TNPO3-associated LGMD1F.


Exome sequencing,Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD),Transportin 3 (TNPO3),