A quantitative approach to intravenous fluid therapy in the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion.


Department of Nephrology, Gelre Hospital, Albert Schweitzerlaan 31, 7334 DZ, Apeldoorn, The Netherlands. [Email]


BACKGROUND : A wide range of interesting mathematical models has been derived to predict the effect of intravenous fluid therapy on the serum sodium concentration (most notably the Adrogué-Madias equation), but unfortunately, these models cannot be applied to patients with disorders characterized by aberrant antidiuretic hormone (ADH) release, such as the syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion (SIADH). The use of intravenous fluids in these patients should prompt caution, as the inability of the kidneys to properly dilute the urine can easily result in deterioration of hyponatremia.
METHODS : In this report, a transparent and clinically applicable equation is derived that can be used to calculate the estimated effect of different types and volumes of crystalloid infusate on the serum sodium concentration in SIADH patients. As a "proof of concept", we discuss five SIADH patient cases from our clinic. Alternatively, our mathematical model can be used to determine the infusate volume that is required to produce a certain desired change in the serum sodium concentration in SIADH patients.
CONCLUSIONS : The presented model facilitates rational intravenous fluid therapy in SIADH patients, and provides a valuable addition to existing prediction models.


Antidiuretic hormone,Equation,Formula,Intravenous fluid therapy,SIADH,Serum sodium concentration,