A superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) with identification and functional characterization from the freshwater mussel Cristaria plicata.


College of Life Science, Education Ministry Key Laboratory of Poyang Lake Environment and Resource Utilization, Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330031, China. Electronic address: [Email]


Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is a sort of important metalloenzyme that can catalyze ROS in the organisms. In this study, MnSOD cDNA of C. plicata, designated as CpMnSOD (accession no. MK465057), was cloned from hemocytes. The full-length cDNA of MnSOD was 1096 bp with a 672 bp open reading frame encoding 223 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contained a mitochondrial-targeting sequence (MTS) of 18 amino acids in the N-terminus, and four conserved amino acids for manganese binding (H49, H97, D182, H186). CpMnSOD showed a high level (65-73%) of sequence similarity to MnSODs from other species. The results of Real-time quantitative PCR revealed that CpMnSOD mRNA constitutively expressed in tissues. The highest expression level was in hepatopancreas, followed by muscle, mantle and gill, and the lowest expression level was in hemocytes. After microcystin challenge, the expression levels of CpMnSOD mRNA were up-regulated in hemocytes and hepatopancreas. The cDNA of CpMnSOD was cloned into the plasmid pColdI-ZZ, and the recombinant protein was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The enzyme stability assay showed that the purified CpMnSOD protein maintained more than 80% enzyme activity at temperature up to 70 °C, at pH 2.0-10.0, and resistant to 8 mol/L urea or 8% SDS.


Cristaria plicata,Enzyme activity,Microcystin,Superoxide dismutase (SOD),