A sustainable ferromanganese biochar adsorbent for effective levofloxacin removal from aqueous medium.

Affiliation

Hunan International Scientific and Technological Cooperation Base of Agricultural Typical Pollution Remediation and Wetland Protection, College of Resources and Environment, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

This present study reported the synthesis and characterization of a low-cost, environment friendly and high efficient biochar, ferromanganese modified biochar (Fe/Mn-BC) for the removal of levofloxacin (LEV) from aqueous medium. Fe/Mn-BC was synthesized through the facile co-precipitation of Fe, Mn with vinasse wastes and then pyrolysis under controlled conditions. The characterization of Fe/MnBC was analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction patterns (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Raman. Some influencing factors (e.g., pH, Fe/Mn-BC dosage, initial LEV concentration, ionic strength, contact time and temperature) were comprehensively investigated. The results manifested that the adsorption process of LEV onto Fe/Mn-BC was high pH dependence and the maximum adsorption capacity was achieved at pH 5. Moreover, the adsorption capacity of LEV was increased with increasing ionic strength. To gain a clearer perspective on the adsorption behavior of LEV onto Fe/Mn-BC, the adsorption kinetics and isotherms were also performed, revealing pseudo-second-order and Freundlich model had a better fitting effect. Reusability experiments indicated that Fe/Mn-BC could maintain a certain adsorption capacity for LEV after 5 recycles. Overall, this work showed that Fe/Mn-BC was an effective and promising adsorbent for eliminating LEV from aqueous medium.

Keywords

Adsorption,Adsorption mechanisms,Ferromanganese biochar,Levofloxacin,

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