ADRB2 suppresses IL-13-induced allergic rhinitis inflammatory cytokine regulated by miR-15a-5p.

Affiliation

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Yuhuangding Hospital, Yantai, 264000, Shandong, China. [Email]

Abstract

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common hypersensitive disease that troubles patients a lot. Nasal epithelial cells (NECs), as the outmost protection of inhalation, play an important role in AR allergic response. Adrenoceptor beta 2 (ADRB2) is an important gene in inflammatory response, which has become the hot spot for AR development and treatment in recent years. MiR-15a-5p has been proved to be involved in AR immune response as the upstream regulator of ADRB2. Human primary NECs were isolated and stimulated by IL-13. qRT-PCR assay was used to detect the RNA level of target genes. ELISA and Western blotting were applied to detect target protein levels. Luciferase reporter assay and biotin pull-down assay were performed to test molecules interaction. ADRB2 was highly expressed in nasal mucosa of AR patients and was positively correlated with IL-13 stimulation, and knockdown of ADRB2 inhibited IL-13-induced expression of GM-CSF, eotaxin, and MUC5AC in NECs. ADRB2 was directly targeted by miR-15a-5p, and miR-15a-5p inhibited IL-13-induced expression of GM-CSF, eotaxin, and MUC5AC in NECs. ADRB2 mediated the effect of miR-15a-5p on the regulation of nasal epithelial immune responses. ADRB2 is negatively regulated by miR-15a-5p, which inhibits IL-13-induced nasal epithelial inflammatory responses.

Keywords

ADRB2,Allergic rhinitis,IL-13,NECs,miR-15a-5p,