Accurate measurement of dipole/dipole transverse cross-correlated relaxation [Formula: see text] in methylenes and primary amines of uniformly [Formula: see text]-labeled proteins.

Affiliation

Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences RAS, Str. Miklukho-Maklaya 16/10, Moscow, Russian Federation, 117997. [Email]

Abstract

Side chains possess a broader conformational space (compared to the backbone) and are directly affected by intra- and intermolecular interactions, hence their dynamics and the corresponding NMR relaxation data are more sensitive and informative. Nevertheless, transverse relaxation in [Formula: see text] ([Formula: see text] or [Formula: see text]) spin systems is predominantly non-measurable in uniformly [Formula: see text]-labeled proteins due to cross-correlation effects. In the present publication, we propose a number of pulse sequences for accurate and precise measurement of the dipole-dipole transverse cross-correlated relaxation rate [Formula: see text], which, similarly to [Formula: see text] measurements, provides information about the amplitudes of intramolecular dynamics. The suggested approach has allowed us to circumvent a number of obstacles that were limiting earlier applications of [Formula: see text]: (1) impossibility of transmission of the central component of the triplet of [Formula: see text] group to [Formula: see text]-acquisition via INEPT has been solved by transmission of the averaged signal of "inner" and "outer" components of the triplet; (2) direct recording of the entire triplets resulting in substantial overlap of side chain signals has been replaced by recording of individual singlets with the use of [Formula: see text]-modulated approach and constant-time evolution; (3) low sensitivity has been enhanced via proton acquisition which required special attention to a zero-quantum coherence evolution. The proposed method expands the set of "dynamics sensors" covering protein side chains and substantially improves the quality and the level of detail of experimental data describing dynamic processes in proteins and protein complexes.

Keywords

Dipole/dipole transverse cross-correlated relaxation,Methylenes,NMR,Primary amines,Proteins,Relaxation,Side chain dynamics,

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