Acute Lumbar Spinal Subdural Hematoma Inducing Paraplegia After Lumbar Spinal Manipulation: Case Report and Literature Review.

Affiliation

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Center of Marrakech, FMPM, Cadi Ayyad University of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : Traumatic spinal subdural hematoma is an extremely rare occurrence that requires urgent investigation and most often prompt intervention. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case related to a spinal manipulative therapy.
METHODS : This report describes a case of traumatic lumbar subdural hematoma after a spinal manipulative therapy without any predisposing factor. A 23-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department for partial cauda equina syndrome after a spinal manipulation performed by a physiotherapist. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an acute spinal subdural hematoma at L2-L3 level with cauda equina compression. The patient underwent an emergency L2 laminectomy with evacuation of the hematoma. He recovered completely his neurologic functions after 1 week.
CONCLUSIONS : Practitioners of spinal manipulations should be aware of spinal subdural hematoma as a possible complication. A rapid diagnosis with magnetic resonance imaging is mandatory, and emergency surgical decompression is usually the optimal treatment for spinal subdural hematomas with severe neurologic deficit.

Keywords

Cauda equina syndrome,Spinal manipulative therapy,Spinal subdural hematoma,Surgical decompression,