Acute Myocardial Infarction Outcomes in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample).

Affiliation

Division of Cardiology, Wayne State University/Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, Michigan. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

One of the major causes of mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is acute myocardial infarction. Whether in-hospital outcomes and management of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI) are different in SLE patients compared with those without SLE from large, recent dataset is unclear. We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Database from 2005 to 2014 and identified STEMI and NSTEMI admissions with and without SLE. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes were revascularization strategy (percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass surgery, or thrombolytics), medical therapy rates (no reperfusion), and major adverse clinical events. A propensity-matched cohort was created to compare these outcomes. Odds ratio (OR) was calculated from the propensity-matched cohort. A total of 321,048 STEMI admissions, of which 1,001 (0.31%) and 572,971 NSTEMI admissions, of which 2,134 (0.37%) were SLE, were identified. In those with STEMI, 882 SLE and non-SLE admissions were propensity-matched. In-hospital mortality (9.1% vs 11.8%, OR 0.75, p = 0.07), revascularization strategy, medical therapy rates, and major adverse events were similar. Similarly, in those with NSTEMI, 1,770 SLE and 1,775 non-SLE were matched. In-hospital mortality (4.1% vs 4.50%, OR 0.90, p = 0.51), coronary artery bypass surgery, medical therapy rates, and major adverse events were mostly similar but the rate of percutaneous coronary intervention was higher in SLE (32.9% vs 29.6%, OR 1.16, p = 0.04). For both STEMI and NSTEMI, hospital cost and length of stay were similar between SLE and non-SLE cohorts. From a large administrative database in the United States, revascularization strategies and in-hospital outcomes of acute coronary syndrome were mostly similar between SLE and non-SLE.