Alginate hydrogels for bone tissue engineering, from injectables to bioprinting: A review.

Author

Aurora C Hernández-González

Affiliation

Departamento de Ingeniería en Metalurgia y Materiales, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Ciudad de México, México. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

This review focuses on recently developed alginate injectable hydrogels and alginate composites for applications in bone tissue regeneration, and it evaluates the alternatives to overcome the problems that avoid their utilization in the field. Section 2 covers the properties of alginates that have made them useful for medical applications, in particular their ionic gelling ability for preparing injectable compositions used as delivery drugs systems. The advantages and shortcomings of these preparations are revised together with the chemical modifications assayed. Section 3 describes how it has been taken advantage of alginates into the new field of biofabrication and the developments in bone engineering. The state of the art of this field is reviewed. Finally in Section 4, new developments and approaches that in opinion of the authors can lead to a breakthrough in bone tissue engineering using alginates are introduced.

Keywords

Alginate hydrogel,Bioprinting,Bone tissue,Composite,Hybrid,Injectable,

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