Collaborative Innovation Center of Henan Province for Green Manufacturing of Fine Chemicals, Key Laboratory of Green Chemical Media and Reactions, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, Henan 453007, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]
Nanozymes' activities could be regulated by a simple and effective pH change in an in situ manner. In this work, for the first time, the peroxidase-like activity of Ni/Co layered double hydroxides (LDHs) was regulated via the alkaline-promoted reaction of fluorogenic substrate homovanillic acid and H2O2, and a promising tool for pH sensing was developed over the pH range of 8.3-9.6. As peroxidase nanozyme model, Ni/Co LDHs showed ease of preparation, low-cost, and water-solubility, which played an important role in this luminescence system. Based on the pH-dependent regulation of the Ni/Co LDHs activity, we constructed the bioassay platform for the determination urea, urease, penicillin G, and penicillinase with a wide linear range of 17-1000 µM, 3.3-270 mU mL-1, 3.3-1300 µM and 3.3-100 mU mL-1, respectively. This study not only demonstrated the alkaline-promoted modulation the nanozymes' activities, but also established a facile approach to develop novel bioassays.