Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Wilf Family Cardiovascular Research Institute, Department of Medicine (Cardiology) and Department of Developmental and Molecular Biology, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY, 10461, USA. Electronic address: [Email]
Allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF1) has been characterized as a pro-inflammatory molecule expressed primarily in the monocyte/macrophage (MP) lineage and positively associated with various forms of vascular disease, including atherosclerosis. Studies of AIF1 in atherosclerosis have relied on mouse models in which AIF1 was overexpressed in either myeloid or smooth muscle cells, resulting in increased atherosclerotic plaque burden. How physiologic expression of AIF1 contributes to MP biology in atherogenesis is not known.