Placental-derived miRNAs are attractive candidates as biomarkers of placental health, but their associations with specific pathologies, such as acute chorioamnionitis (aCA), are not well explored. Samples of chorionic villi from 57 placentas (33 aCA and 24 non-aCA) were analyzed. Expression was quantified for six candidate miRNAs (miR-146a, miR-210, miR-223, miR-338-3p, miR-411, and miR-518b), using quantitative real-time PCR. miR-518b and miR-338-3p were differentially expressed between aCA cases and non-aCA cases (Bonferroni-corrected p < 0.05). Further, we observed that placental miR-518b expression was associated with an IL6 SNP (rs1800796), a polymorphism we previously reported as a risk-conferring variant for aCA.