Research Center of Avian Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China; Key Laboratory of Animal Disease and Human Health of Sichuan Province, Chengdu, Sichuan, China. Electronic address: [Email]
To investigate the correlation between avian tuberculosis and duck amyloidosis, the liver, lung, spleen, kidney, duodenum and pectoralis muscle of ducks naturally infected with Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium were used to detect amyloidosis by Congo red staining and potassium permanganate-Congo red staining. The expression level of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and SAA2 were detected by quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR). The results showed that the liver, lung, spleen, kidney, duodenum and pectoralis muscle of the infected ducks exhibited amyloid proteins under ordinary light microscopy and the polarization light under polarized light microscopy. However, no amyloid deposition in potassium permanganate-Congo red staining sections indicated that the amyloidosis was AA amyloidosis. In addition, the expression level of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and SAA2 increased from 4 to 43. This study showed that avian tuberculosis could induce secondary amyloidosis in naturally infected ducks.