An L-fucose specific lectin from Aspergillus niger isolated from mycotic keratitis patient and its interaction with human pancreatic adenocarcinoma PANC-1 cells.


Department of Studies in Biochemistry, Karnatak University, Dharwad 580003, India. Electronic address: [Email]


An L-fucose specific lectin from pathogenic fungus Aspergillus niger isolated from the corneal smears of keratitis patient was purified in a single step using mucin coupled sepharose-4B column by 58-fold. The purified lectin, ANL has molecular mass of 30 kDa by SDS-PAGE and 31.6 kDa by ESI-MS. ANL is a glycoprotein with 2.59% carbohydrate. ANL is blood group nonspecific and also agglutinates rabbit erythrocytes. ANL is heat stable up to 50 °C and over a pH range of 7-10. Hapten inhibition studies revealed that ANL is specific to L-fucose, galactose, lactose and glycoproteins, showing highest MIC of 3.125 μg for L-fucose, mucin and fetuin. ANL has potent antibacterial activity against Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli and also it inhibits the biofilm formation by them. ANL showed strong binding to human pancreatic adenocarcinoma PANC-1 cells which was effectively blocked by L-fucose and mucin respectively by 76.2% and 84.2%. ANL showed dose and time dependent growth inhibitory effect on PANC-1 cells with IC50 of 1.25 μg/ml at 48 h. Effect of ANL was compared with another fucose specific lectin AOL, from Aspergillus oryzae showing an IC50 of 1.85 μg/ml at 48 h revealing promising clinical potential of ANL.


Antimicrobial,Aspergillus niger lectin,ESI-MS,Fucose-specific,Growth inhibitory effect,PANC-1 cells,