An efficient transgene-free DNA-editing system for Arabidopsis using a fluorescent marker.

Affiliation

College of Biological and Food Engineering, Guangdong University of Petrochemical Technology, No. 129, Guangdu Road, Maoming, 525000, Guangdong, China. [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : To obtain transgene-free progeny by constructing a DNA editing system with a fluorescent screening marker gene and two pairs of single-guide RNAs to simultaneously recognize two different sites in the target gene encoding Arabidopsis microRNA(miR)160A RESULTS: The T1 seeds with red fluorescence were easily identified and were selected to verify that the proportion of miR160A knockout mutants reached approximately 50%. Seeds with no fluorescence in the T2 generation were selected and screened for homozygous mutants. In the T2 generation plants, the Cas9 fragment was not detected by polymerase chain reaction. The traits of the homozygous mutants were stably inherited by the T2 population.
CONCLUSIONS : A highly efficient DNA-editing construct was successfully developed and can be used as a plant genome site-specific editing tool that may be useful for improving plant genetic resources.

Keywords

CRISPR/Cas9,Fluorescence screening,Gene editing,Transgene-free,

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