Anaerobic/aerobic conditions determine antibiotic resistance genes removal patterns from leachate by affecting bacteria taxa-genes co-occurrence modules.


Key Laboratory for Urban and Ecological Restoration of Shanghai, School of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200241, China; Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Security, Shanghai, 200092, China. Electronic address: [Email]


Landfill treatment of municipal solid waste treatment produces a large amount of leachate, which has been an important hotspot of ARGs. This study aimed to investigate the ARGs removal potential, kinetics and mechanism from leachate in aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Simulated landfill reactors showed the efficacy in reducing ARGs, and the removal efficiencies depended on ARGs types and aerobic/anaerobic conditions. The ARGs tetQ and blaCTX-M were more likely to attenuate with the log-removal efficiencies of 1.50-3 order of magnitude. The ARGs removal kinetic was well fitted by modified Collins-Selleck model, and aerobic condition showed better removal capacities and kinetics than anaerobic condition. Among the ARGs with great removal performance, sul2, aadA1and blaCTX-M were eliminated from leachate and refuse simultaneously, but tetM, ermB, and mefA were removed from leachate but enriched in refuse. Aerobic/anaerobic states might drive the bacterial community shift of leachate and refuse, and topology property comparison of co-occurrence networks suggested that refuse had a closer non-random host relationship between ARGs and microbial taxa than leachate. Further module analyses revealed that ARGs removal efficiencies depended on the taxonomy of host bacteria in leachate, while the refuse taxa-ARGs correlation determined ARGs removal patterns. By selecting distinct bacteria cluster in different conditions, aerobic treatment benefited ARGs reduction in leachate and refuse, while anaerobic treatment enhanced the enrichment of ARGs in refuse. These findings can potentially foster the understanding of ARGs removal mechanism in biological treatment processes.


Aerobic/anaerobic conditions,Antibiotic resistance genes,Network module analysis,Removal kinetics,Simulated landfill reactors,