Analytical performance evaluation and enhancement of the ADVIA Centaur® HIV Ag/Ab Combo assay.

Affiliation

Department of Virology, Amiens University Medical Center, Amiens, France; AGIR Research Unit, EA 4294, Jules Verne University of Picardie, Amiens, France. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Fourth-generation immunoassays (such as the ADVIA Centaur® HIV Ag/Ab Combo (CHIV) assay) have improved the early diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and their sensitivity and specificity usually exceed 99%. In regions with a low prevalence of HIV infection, however, the regular occurrence of false positives interferes with a medical laboratory's workflow. The additional reagent and staff costs associated with false positives can nevertheless be avoided or reduced by gaining a better knowledge of the CHIV assay's performance.

Keywords

ADVIA centaur,Diagnosis,HIV,Immunoassay,Machine learning,

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