Angiopoietin: A Novel Neuroprotective/Neurotrophic Agent.


Department of Orthopedics, the Affiliated Jiangning Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211100, China. Electronic address: [Email]


Angiopoietin (Ang) is an angiogenic factor, but its neuroprotective and neurotrophic effects have recently come to light. Ang exerts neuroprotective effects by inhibiting neuronal apoptosis, protecting the blood-brain/blood-spinal cord barrier, reducing inflammation and promoting neovascularization. In addition, Ang can also promote neural development and neurite outgrowth via activation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and binding to the Tie2 receptor and/or integrin receptor. In addition, Ang and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are known to interact in blood vessels in the nervous system and the combination of Ang and VEGF can mitigate the negative effects of VEGF, such as inflammation and local edema. These data indicated that Ang is a novel neuroprotective/neurotrophic factor, which may become a new tool for the treatment of nerve injury.