Antibacterial and antioxidant activity of exopolysaccharide mediated silver nanoparticle synthesized by Lactobacillus brevis isolated from Chinese koumiss.

Affiliation

College of Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518060, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Recently, silver nanoparticles gain significant attention due to their applications in various fields. The aim of present study was to develop the eco-friendly, cost effective, and simple method to biosynthesized the silver nanoparticle using sliver nitrate as precursor. In this study, we investigated the physical characterization and biotechnological applications of biosynthesized silver nanoparticle using exopolysaccharide of probiotic Lactobacillus brevis MSR104 isolated from Chinese koumiss. Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized using the fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, and elemental analyzer. The achieved results indicate that silver nanoparticles varied in sized with an average size of 45 nm. The X-ray diffraction analysis results showed that the silver nanoparticles have a crystalline nature. The results of antimicrobial assay indicated that the silver nanoparticles exhibited outstanding antimicrobial activity in dose dependent manner against both Gram's negative as well as Gram's positive. The antioxidant results indicate that the silver nanoparticles showed excellent scavenging rate against DPPH free radicals (81.4 ± 1.2%) and nitric oxide free radicals (75.06 ± 0.4%). Furthermore, the results of MTT assay revealed that the AgNPs significantly reduced the percentage of live HT-29 cells at higher concentration. This study concluded that the newly synthesized silver nanoparticles have antibacterial, antioxidant, and anticancer applications in agricultural and food industries.

Keywords

Antimicrobial activity,Antioxidant activity,Lactobacillus,Nanoparticle,Probiotics,

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