Key Lab of Science and Technology of Eco-Textile, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, People's Republic of China; Innovation Center for Textile Science and Technology of DHU, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: [Email]
This paper provides a novel and facile method to synthesize antibacterial phase change microcapsules (microPCMs) decorated with silver particles, where lignin was acting as both the Pickering stabilizer and the reducing agent for silver. First lignin Pickering emulsions at various oil-to-water ratios and lignin loading were prepared. Then, n-eicosane encapsulated in polyurea (PU) shells was prepared via interfacial polymerization of isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) and ethylene diamine/diethylene triamine (EDA/DETA) in a Pickering emulsion stabilized by lignin particles. The results showed that the lignin particles were embedded in the microPCMs shell. These lignin particles were utilized to reduce silver ions, resulting in silver particles decorated microPCMs (Ag/lignin microPCMs). The resulting Ag/lignin microPCMs exhibited a well-defined core-shell spherical morphology with high phase-transition enthalpy (177.6 J/g), high encapsulation efficiency (69.0%) and good thermal durability. As well, the Ag/lignin microPCMs presented good antibacterial activity, showing great potential in industrial applications such as biomedical, textile and construction areas.