Anxiety symptoms and smoking among Latinx adult smokers: the importance of sensitivity to internal cues in terms of dependence, barriers for quitting, and quit problems.

Affiliation

Department of Psychology, University of Houston, 3695 Cullen Blvd., Room 126, Houston, TX, 77204, USA. [Email]

Abstract

Anxiety symptoms are one of the most common forms of psychological distress among Latinx individuals and related to poorer cessation outcomes among non-Latinx Whites. Yet, little is known about the relationship between anxiety symptoms and smoking among Latinx smokers. The current study evaluated sensitivity to internal anxiety-related sensations (anxiety sensitivity) as an explanatory variable in the relation between anxiety symptoms and cigarette dependence, perceived barriers for quitting, and severity of problems experienced during prior quit attempts. Participants included 363 Spanish-speaking Latinx daily smokers (58.7% female, Mage = 33.3 years, SD = 9.8). Results revealed that anxiety symptoms were indirectly associated with cigarette dependence, perceived barriers for cessation, and problems experienced during past quit attempts through anxiety sensitivity. The findings suggest that anxiety sensitivity is a potential mechanism in anxiety symptom-smoking relations among Latinx adult smokers.

Keywords

Anxiety,Anxiety sensitivity,Latinx,Smoking,Tobacco,