Research Center of Quality Safety for Agricultural Products, Tea Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310008, China; Key Laboratory of Tea Quality and Safety Control, Ministry of Agriculture, Hangzhou 310008, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Penconazole is a typical triazole fungicide with wide use on fruits, vegetables, and tea plants to control powdery mildew. In the present study, an efficient graphite carbon black solid phase extraction (GCB-SPE) purification combined with chiral ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was developed for determination of penconazole enantiomers in different complex matrices, including grape, tea, soil, lotus root, lotus leaf, lotus seed and hulls. The method was then applied to investigate the enantioselective dissipation of penconazole enantiomers in a real field experiment of grape and soil. As a result, a satisfactory separation of penconazole enantiomers on a chiral Lux Cellulose-2 column (150 mm × 2 mm i.d., 3 µm) was obtained with 0.1% formic acid in methanol and 10 mmol L-1 ammonium acetate in water (75/25, v/v) as mobile phase at 0.25 mL min-1. The enantiomer (+)-penconazole was firstly eluted, and (-)-penconazole was then eluted. The method showed reliable performances in linearity, recovery and precision, the recoveries of (+)-penconazole and (-)-penconazole in all of six matrices were between 70.5% and 121.0% with the relative standard deviations (RSDs) ranging from 0.8% to 23.6% at the low, medium and high spiked levels. The limits of quantitation (LOQs) of this method were lower than 0.0025 mg kg-1 in grape, soil and lotus root, 0.005 mg kg-1 in lotus leaf, lotus seed meat and lotus seed shell, and 0.0125 mg kg-1 in tea. Results of field trials indicated that (-)-penconazole degraded faster than its (+)-isomer in grape. While only a moderate stereoselectivity was observed in soil, with (-)-penconazole preferential degraded. The proposed method could be used to investigate enantioselective environmental behavior of penconazole enantiomers in complex matrices. And results in this study could provide useful information on realistic risk assessment of penconazole in grape.