Aptamer-mediated colorimetric and electrochemical detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa utilizing peroxidase-mimic activity of gold NanoZyme.

Affiliation

Ian Potter NanoBioSensing Facility, NanoBiotechnology Research Lab (NBRL), School of Science, RMIT University, GPO Box 2476, Melbourne, VIC, 3001, Australia. [Email]

Abstract

Despite of various advancements in biosensing, a rapid, accurate, and on-site detection of a bacterial pathogen is a real challenge due to the lack of appropriate diagnostic platforms. To address this unmet need, we herein report an aptamer-mediated tunable NanoZyme sensor for the detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an infectious bacterial pathogen. Our approach exploits the inherent peroxidase-like NanoZyme activity of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) in combination with high affinity and specificity of a Pseudomonas aeruginosa-specific aptamer (F23). The presence of aptamer inhibits the inherent peroxidase-like activity of GNPs by simple adsorption on to the surface of GNPs. However, in the presence of cognate target (P. aeruginosa), owing to the high affinity for P. aeruginosa, the aptamer leaves the GNP surface, allowing GNPs to resume their peroxidase-like activity, resulting in oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB). As TMB is an electrochemically active species, we have been able to translate the NanoZyme-based method into an ultrasensitive electrochemical assay using disposable carbon screen-printed electrode. This approach is highly sensitive and allows us to rapidly detect P. aeruginosa with a low-end detection limit of ~ 60 CFU/mL in water within 10 min. This generic aptamer-NanoZyme-based electrochemical sensing strategy may, in principle, be applicable for the detection of various other bacterial pathogens.

Keywords

Aptamer,Colorimetric assay,Electrochemical sensing,NanoZyme,Pseudomonas aeruginosa,