School of Environmental Studies & State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, China University of Geosciences, 388 Lumo Rd., Wuhan, Hubei 430074, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]
Batch experiments followed by solid-phase analyses were conducted to explore As(III) and As(V) removal mechanisms by Fe-modified biochars (FeBC) pyrolyzed at different temperatures (300, 600, and 900 °C). Arsenic removal by FeBC, best described by pseudo-second order kinetic and Langmuir isotherm models, increased from 73.8 to 99.9% for As(III) and 86.8 to 99.9% for As(V) as the pyrolysis temperature increased. The addition of calcite enhanced the removal efficiency (all > 99%). Confocal micro-X-ray fluorescence imaging (CMXRFI) analyses indicated As co-located with Fe and diffused deeper into the particles as the pyrolysis temperature increased. For As(III)-spiked systems, X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) data indicated 20.2 to 81.5% of As(III) was oxidized to As(V) as the pyrolysis temperature increased; an increase of oxidation efficiency was observed after adding calcite. For As(V)-spiked systems, no As(V) reduction was observed. Overall, As(III/V) removal using FeBC was affected by the spatial distribution and species of As.