Assessing Maternity Care Providers' Knowledge of the Management of Hepatitis B in Pregnancy.

Affiliation

Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC; Women's Health Research Institute, Vancouver, BC. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : This study sought to evaluate maternity care providers' knowledge of the management of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in pregnancy.
METHODS : A total of 71 maternity care providers from obstetrics, family practice, and midwifery who were practicing at a tertiary women's hospital in Canada completed a survey assessing their demographics and knowledge of the management of HBV in pregnancy. Descriptive statistics were used to assess the survey responses.
RESULTS : Of 71 participants, 28% were obstetricians, 35% were family doctors, and 37% were midwives. Most participants (72%) had seen fewer than six pregnant patients with HBV in the last 2years. Correctly, 100% of participants indicated that all pregnant patients should be screened for HBV in pregnancy, and 99% indicated that infants should receive post-exposure prophylaxis. Incorrectly, 25.4% of participants indicated that pregnancy is a contraindication to HBV immunization, 90.1% indicated the recommended timeline for infant serological follow-up, and participants were largely divided on which investigations were needed for a pregnant patient with HBV. Only 23.9% of participants indicated the current recommended viral load for consideration of antiviral treatment in pregnancy.
CONCLUSIONS : Maternity care providers in our cohort had a strong understanding of the fundamentals of caring for pregnant patients with HBV. Continuing education should emphasize the safety of HBV vaccination in pregnancy, novel investigations in pregnancy, current evidence on the use of antivirals in pregnancy, and appropriate timelines for infant serological follow-up.

Keywords

Hepatitis B virus,health care provider,pregnancy,survey,

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