Association between unintended pregnancy and internalizing disorders among Latina and Asian American mothers.

Affiliation

Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, United States. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : Pregnancy, whether intended or unintended, is associated with internalizing symptoms among women; for some, these symptoms cause impairment and develop into an internalizing disorder (ID). With the growing diversity of the US population, there is a need to understand how pregnancy relates to IDs among minorities. This study examines the association between unintended pregnancy and lifetime and 12-month history of IDs among Latina and Asian mothers.
METHODS : Data come from the National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS), a nationally representative sample of Latino and Asian adults. Pregnancy intention was self-reported. ID history was assessed with the CIDI (DSM-IV). Logistic regression was used to examine the association between pregnancy intention and likelihood of lifetime and 12-month IDs.
RESULTS : Among 1915 mothers, 24.1% and 14.7% met criteria for a lifetime and 12-month ID, respectively. Relative to those who only reported intended pregnancies, Asian mothers reporting an unintended pregnancy had the highest odds of lifetime (Odds ratio (OR): 2.51, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 1.55-4.08) and 12-month IDs (OR: 5.73, 95% CI: 2.67-12.29). Latina mothers reporting unintended pregnancies also had higher odds of lifetime (OR: 1.96, 95% CI: 1.41-2.72) and 12-month IDs (OR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.12-2.59). Socioeconomic status had no significant modifying effect.
CONCLUSIONS : Cross-sectional data and retrospective recall and social desirability could misclassify pregnancy intention.
CONCLUSIONS : Unintended pregnancy is associated with higher odds of IDs among mothers. Findings underscore the complex relationship between unintended pregnancy and maternal mental health.

Keywords

Asian,Internalizing disorders,Latino,Socioeconomic status,Unintended pregnancy,

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