Association of secondhand smoke and depressive symptoms in nonsmoking pregnant Women: A systematic review and meta-analysis.


St. Luke's International University, Graduate School of Nursing Science, Global Health Nursing, 10-1 Akashi-cho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 1040044, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]


Globally about 30% of adult women and 40% of children are exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS) from active smokers. SHS exposure of pregnant women has been associated with postpartum depression. Unexposed women in pregnancy had lower rates of postpartum depression than women exposed to SHS. This systematic review aimed to determine the association of depressive symptoms and exposure to SHS in nonsmoking pregnant women.


Depressive symptoms,Postpartum,Pregnancy,Secondhand smoke,Suicide ideation,

OUR Recent Articles