Atypical Presentation of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Infection Refractory to Treatment With Aciclovir in 2 Hematologic Patients.

Affiliation

Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, España. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Herpesvirus infections are not uncommon in hematologic patients. Our first patient, diagnosed with chronic lymphatic leukemia, presented extensive genital herpes infection refractory to treatment with aciclovir and with a partial response to foscarnet, which had to be withdrawn due to systemic adverse effects. The second patient, diagnosed with follicular Hodgkin lymphoma, presented hypertrophic herpes infection refractory to treatment with aciclovir but that responded to intralesional cidofovir and topical imiquimod. As in other immunocompromised patients, herpesvirus infection in hematologic patients can present atypical manifestations, as well as resistance to treatments that are activated by the viral thymidine kinase. A high level of clinical suspicion is therefore needed to make an early diagnosis, together with extensive knowledge of the different treatments available.

Keywords

Aciclovir,Cidofovir,Foscarnet,Genital herpes,Herpes genital,Herpes hipertrófico,Hypertrophic herpes,Imiquimod,Leucemia,Leukemia,Linfoma,Lymphoma,Resistance,Resistencia,

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