Au@SiO2@CuInS2-ZnS/Anti-AFP fluorescent probe improves HCC cell labeling.

Affiliation

Division of General Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230601, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : Clear tumor imaging is essential to the resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to create a novel biological probe to improve the HCC imaging.
METHODS : Au nano-flower particles and CuInS2-ZnS core-shell quantum dots were synthesized by hydrothermal method. Au was coated with porous SiO2 and combined with anti-AFP antibody. HCC cell line HepG2 was used to evaluate the targeting efficacy of the probe, while flow cytometry and MTT assay were used to detect the cytotoxicity and bio-compatibility of the probe. Probes were subcutaneously injected to nude mice to explore light intensity and tissue penetration.
RESULTS : The fluorescence stability of the probe was maintained 100% for 24 h, and the brightness value was 4 times stronger than that of the corresponding CuInS2-ZnS quantum dot. In the targeting experiment, the labeled HepG2 emitted yellow fluorescence. In the cytotoxicity experiments, MTT and flow cytometry results showed that the bio-compatibility of the probe was fine, the inhibition rate of HepG2 cell with 60% Cu-QDs/Anti-AFP probe and Au-QDs/Anti-AFP probe solution for 48 h were significantly different (86.3%±7.0% vs. 4.9%±1.3%, t = 19.745, P<0.05), and the apoptosis rates were 83.3%±5.1% vs. 4.4%±0.8% (P<0.001). In the animal experiment, the luminescence of the novel probe can penetrate the abdominal tissues of a mouse, stronger than that of CuInS2-ZnS quantum dot.
CONCLUSIONS : The Au@SiO2@CuInS2-ZnS/Anti-AFP probe can targetedly recognize and label HepG2 cells with good bio-compatibility and no toxicity, and the strong tissue penetrability of luminescence may be helpful to surgeons.

Keywords

Cytotoxicity,Luminescence,Nanoparticle,Plasmon enhancement,Quantum dots,

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