Augmentation of DMLS Biomimetic Dental Implants with Weight-Bearing Strut to Balance of Biologic and Mechanical Demands: From Bench to Animal.

Affiliation

School of Dentistry, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10051, Taiwan. [Email]

Abstract

A mismatch of elastic modulus values could result in undesirable bone resorption around the dental implant. The objective of this study was to optimize direct metal laser sintering (DMLS)-manufactured Ti₆Al₄V dental implants' design, minimize elastic mismatch, allow for maximal bone ingrowth, and improve long-term fixation of the implant. In this study, DMLS dental implants with different morphological characteristics were fabricated. Three-point bending, torsional, and stability tests were performed to compare the mechanical properties of different designs. Improvement of the weaker design was attempted by augmentation with a longitudinal 3D-printed strut. The osseointegrative properties were evaluated. The results showed that the increase in porosity decreased the mechanical properties, while augmentation with a longitudinal weight-bearing strut can improve mechanical strength. Maximal alkaline phosphatase gene expression of MG63 cells attained on 60% porosity Ti₆Al₄V discs. In vivo experiments showed good incorporation of bone into the porous scaffolds of the DMLS dental implant, resulting in a higher pull-out strength. In summary, we introduced a new design concept by augmenting the implant with a longitudinal weight-bearing strut to achieve the ideal combination of high strength and low elastic modulus; our results showed that there is a chance to reach the balance of both biologic and mechanical demands.

Keywords

3D-printing,Ti6Al4V,biomimetic,direct metal laser sintering,porous titanium,

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