Bacteriocin production and distribution of bacteriocin-encoding genes in enterococci from dogs.

Affiliation

Centre of Biosciences, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Institute of Animal Physiology, Šoltésovej 4-6, 040 01 Košice, Slovakia. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Many enterococcal strains produce bacteriocins, which could be useful as natural food preservatives through inhibition of pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms. There is little knowledge of the distribution and spectrum of bacteriocin activity and the distribution of bacteriocin-encoding genes in enterococci isolated from dogs. Therefore, we subjected 160 enterococcal isolates (E. faecium n=92, E. faecalis n=35, E. hirae n=28, E. casseliflavus n=3, E. mundtii n=2) from 105 samples of dog faeces to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of genes for enterocin A, P, B, L50A, L50B, AS-48, and bac31 and to screening for bacteriocin activity. The results showed the presence of at least one of the tested genes in 54/160 isolates, with E. faecium the most common gene-possessing species. The most frequently occurring gene for production of enterocin A was observed in combination with enterocin P and B. Bacteriocin activity was observed in 76/160 isolates against at least one of 5 indicator bacteria from the genus Listeria, Enterococcus, Streptococcus and Staphylococcus. Four selected strains (IK25, Bri, I/Dz, P10) were active mostly against different species of Enterococcus (in the range 400-25 600 AU/mL) and Listeria sp. (800-12 800 AU/mL) but no Gram-negative bacteria were inhibited. Protein character, thermostability (up to 121°C) and stability at different pH values (3.0-10.0) were confirmed for crude bacteriocins of these four strains. The antimicrobial substance of E. faecium IK25 strain was identified as enterocin B using molecular weight detection and the presence of genes.

Keywords

Dog,Enterocin,Enterococcus,Stuctural gene,

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