Baicalein attenuates the neuroinflammation in LPS-activated BV-2 microglial cells through suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, COX2/NF-κB expressions and regulation of metabolic abnormality.


Modern Research Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China. Electronic address: [Email]


Baicalein (5,6,7-trihydroxyflavone), isolated from the root of traditional Chinese herb Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities. This study explored the protective and modulatory mechanisms of baicalein on neuroinflammation, oxidative stress and metabolic abnormality in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated BV-2 cells. Our results demonstrated that treatment with baicalein remarkably restrained the production of pro-inflammatory factors including nitric oxide (NO), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in LPS-activated BV-2 cells. Moreover, baicalein significantly inhibited reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, decreased cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and nuclear factor-b (NF-κB)/p65 expression. 1H NMR metabolomics analysis revealed that 12 differential metabolites were regulated by baicalein, implicated in alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, glutathione metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, D-glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism. In conclusion, these results indicated that baicalein has protective and modulatory effects on neuroinflammation and oxidative stress in LPS-activated BV-2 cells.


Baicalein,Metabolomics,Neuroinflammation,Oxidative stress,

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