Bail-out intracranial stenting with Solitaire AB device after unsuccessful thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke of anterior circulation.


Neurovascular Interventional Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence. Largo P. Palagi, 1-50134 Florence, Italy. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : Recent trials established the efficacy of mechanical stent-retriever thrombectomy for treatment of stroke patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO) in the anterior circulation. However, stent-retriever thrombectomy may not accomplish successful recanalization in all patients. The aim of this study is to report the role of bail-out permanent stenting after failure of mechanical thrombectomy.
METHODS : Among 430 patients included in a prospectively maintained database, we analysed 325 cases of anterior circulation LVO. Mechanical thrombectomy (mTICI 2b-3) was effective in 213/325 (65%) and failed in 112/325 (35%). Bail-out intracranial stenting was performed in 17/325 (5.2%) patients. In all cases a fully retrievable detachable stent was used (Solitaire AB, Medtronic).
RESULTS : No intraprocedural technical complications occurred. Successful reperfusion (mTICI 2b/3) was achieved in 12/17 patients (70.6%). Three (17.6%) patients died: one extensive infarction in the internal carotid artery territory, one large intracerebral haemorrhage, and one massive pulmonary embolism. Haemorrhagic conversion, both symptomatic and asymptomatic, occurred in 2/17 (11.7%). Good clinical outcome (mRS 0-2) at 3-months was achieved in 41.2% of patients.
CONCLUSIONS : Bail-out intracranial stenting after unsuccessful thrombectomy is technically feasible and the associated haemorrhagic risk seems acceptable in selected patients. We suggest that bail-out intracranial stenting, is safe and effective in selected patients with LVO stroke who failed to respond to thrombectomy.