Balance and the brain: A review of structural brain correlates of postural balance and balance training in humans.

Affiliation

Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1500 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, United States; Occupational Therapy Program in the Department of Kinesiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2185 Medical Sciences Center, 1300 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706, United States. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Balance challenges are associated with not only the aging process but also a wide variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders. However, relatively little is known regarding the neural basis of balance and the effects of balance interventions on the brain.

Keywords

Balance,Diffusion tensor imaging,MRI,Magnetic resonance imaging,Postural control,