Basic and procedural requirements for energy potential from biogas of sewage treatment plants.

Affiliation

GEPEA/EPUSP - Energy Group of the Department of Energy and Electrical Automation Engineering of the Polytechnic School, University of São Paulo, Av. Professor Luciano Gualberto, Travessa 3, n° 158, Prédio da Engenharia Elétrica, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The objective of this study is to evaluate the potential for electricity generation in the State of São Paulo (SP) from the sewage treatment. A sewage treatment plant (STP) with domain in the production of biogas from wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) is the basis for this case study. The basic premise is that the very generation of electricity in STPs is advantageous for companies in the sanitation sector in Brazil, resulting in cost reductions of the treatment process. Gains at the end of the process are found in two levels, namely: (i) economic, by generating 165% of electricity from biogas burning in relation to the expend; (ii) energy, by adding a new sustainable and storable energy source equivalent to 4% of natural gas offered in the State of SP and 0,5% of electricity produced from biogas burning in relation to electricity consumption. In conclusion, the potential of electricity production linked to the biogas at STPs is capable of supply its domestic demand and export the surplus to other segments of the state and national economy.

Keywords

Biogas,Distributed generation,Power generation,Sewage treatment,Sustainability,

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