Bendopnoea in exercise limited patients with COPD.

Affiliation

Academic Specialist Registrar Respiratory Medicine, Galway University Hospital, Newcastle Road, Galway, Ireland. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Dyspnoea on bending over (bendopnoea) is most commonly associated with systolic heart failure. COPD patients often also complain of bendopnoea but little is known about this symptom in this patient group. We objectively assessed 44 COPD patients attending pulmonary rehabilitation for bendopnoea in a tertiary referral centre to determine the potential mechanism and clinical implications of this symptom. Bendopnoea was assessed by timing the duration of onset to breathlessness on bending forward at the waist for 30 s. BORG score, oxygen saturations and blood pressure measurements were obtained before and after. Of 44 patients (mean age±SD 66.7 ± 8.4 years; 22 male, BMI 28.1 ± 6.4), bendopnoea was present in 23 (52.3%) patients. This was significantly associated with a lower FEV1% (p = 0.02) and TLCO% (<0.001) and higher CAT score (p = 0.03). A strong trend was also noted with higher waist/hip ratio (p = 0.06). There were no associations with age, BMI, oxygen saturation, static lung volumes, exercise capacity or non-invasive haemodynamic markers such as pro-BNP, physiological changes or echocardiography findings.

Keywords

Bendopnoea,Breathlessness,COPD,Symptoms,

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