Benzothiopyranoindole- and pyridothiopyranoindole-based antiproliferative agents targeting topoisomerases.

Affiliation

Dipartimento di Farmacia, Università di Pisa, Via Bonanno 6, 56126, Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

New benzothiopyranoindoles (5a-l) and pyridothiopyranoindoles (5m-t), featuring different combinations of substituents (H, Cl, OCH3) at R2-R4 positions and protonatable R1-dialkylaminoalkyl chains, were synthesized and biologically assayed on three human tumor cell lines, showing significant antiproliferative activity (GI50 values spanning from 0.31 to 6.93 μM) and pro-apoptotic effect. Linear flow dichroism experiments indicate the ability of both chromophores to form a molecular complex with DNA, following an intercalative mode of binding. All compounds displayed a moderate ability to inhibit the relaxation activity of both topoisomerases I and II, reasonably correlated to their intercalative capacities. Cleavable assay performed with topoisomerase I revealed a significant poisoning effect for compounds 5g, 5h, 5s, and 5t. A theoretical model provided by hydrated docking calculations clarified the role of the R1-R4 substituents on the topoisomerase I poison activity, revealing a crucial role of the R2-OCH3 group.

Keywords

Antiproliferative activity,Benzothiopyranoindoles,Pyridothiopyranoindoles,Topoisomerase I poisons,Topoisomerases,

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