Better muscle strength with healthy eating.


Department of Nutritional Sciences, Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health (RCEDH), Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran. [Email]


OBJECTIVE : Hand grip strength (HGS) can predict physical function in next year when it is positively associated with nutritional and health status. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the healthy eating index (HEI)-2015 and hand grip strength.
METHODS : This cross-sectional study was conducted on data from 4010 participants in the Ravansar non-communicable disease (RaNCD) cohort study. HGS was measured using a hand-held hydraulic hand grip dynamometer. HEI-2015 was calculated using data from the food frequency questionnaire.
RESULTS : The mean of total HEI-2015 score was significantly higher in participants with an optimal HGS than in participants with a weak HGS (P = 0.006). Higher adherence to healthy eating was associated with optimal muscle strength (OR 1.26; CI 95% 1.02-1.62). This association was remained after being adjusted for potential confounders (P = 0.01). Among the HEI-2015 components, we only found association between whole fruit, added sugar, and HGS (P = 0.01, 0.019).
CONCLUSIONS : Our findings indicated that adherence to HEI-2015 could promote muscle strength. Among the HEI-2015 components, higher intake of whole fruit and lower adherence to added sugar had significantly positive effects on HGS.
METHODS : Level V, descriptive cross-sectional study.


Healthy eating index,Muscle strength,Non-communicable disease,

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