Bioactive terpenoid constituents from Eclipta prostrata.

Affiliation

School of Biological Science and Technology, University of Jinan, 336 West Road of Nan Xinzhuang, Jinan 250022, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Chemical fractionation of the ethanolic extract of Eclipta prostrata yielded a series of unreported terpenoid constituents, including a rare 6/6/6/6-fused tetracyclic triterpenoid, a pentacyclic triterpenoid, two pentacyclic triterpenoid saponins, a diterpenoid and a sesquiterpenoid. Structures were assigned to these compounds on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic analyses, with the absolute configurations of the tetracyclic triterpenoid, the diterpenoid and the sesquiterpenoid being determined via explanation of electronic circular dichroism data. Screening of these isolates in an array of bioassays revealed antibacterial, cytotoxic and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities for selective compounds. Of particular interest, the tetracyclic triterpenoid showed very strong inhibition against α-glucosidase with an IC50 of 0.82 ± 0.18 μM, being 103-fold as active as the positive control acarbose.

Keywords

Antibacterial,Compositae,Cytotoxicity,Eclipta prostrata,Terpenoid,α-glucosidase,

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