Key Laboratory of Tropical Agro-Environment, Ministry of Agriculture/South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, PR China; Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Modern Eco-agriculture and Circular Agriculture/Key Laboratory of Agroecology and Rural Environment of Guangzhou Regular Higher Education Institutions, Guangzhou 510642, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) intercropped with peanut (Arachis hypogaea) has good complementary effects in time and space. In the field plot test, the land equivalent ratio (LER) of cassava-peanut intercropping system was 1.43, showing obvious intercropping yield advantage. Compared with monocropping, Cd contents in the roots of cassava and seeds of peanut were significantly reduced by 20.00% and 31.67%, respectively (p < 0.05). Under the unit area of hectare, compared with monocropping of cassava and peanut, the bioconcentration amount (BCA) of Cd in the intercropping system increased significantly by 24.98% and 25.59%, respectively (p < 0.05), and the metal removal equivalent ratio (MRER) of Cd was 1.25, indicating that the intercropping pattern had advantage in Cd removal. In the cement pool plot test, compared with the control, cassava intercropped with peanut under biochar and crushed straw additions did not only enhance the available nutrients and organic matter contents in rhizosphere soil but also promoted the crop growth and increased the content of chlorophyll (SPAD values) of plant leaves. The peanut seeds biomass under biochar and straw additions were significantly increased by 112.34% and 59.38% (p < 0.05), respectively, while the cassava roots biomass under biochar addition was significantly increased by 63.54% (p < 0.05). Applying biochar significantly decreased the content of Cd which extracted by diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA-Cd) in soil and reduced Cd uptake as well as translocation into plant tissues. The BCA of Cd of cassava under biochar addition decreased significantly by 53.87% in maturity stage (p < 0.05), thus reduced the ecological risk of Cd to crops and was of great significance to produce high quality and safe agricultural products. Besides, the crushed straw enhanced the biomass of crops, reduced Cd content in all tissues and maintained Cd uptake in the intercropping system. Therefore, it can realize the integration of ecological remediation and economic benefit of two energy plants in Cd contaminated soil after applied crushed straw in cassava-peanut intercropping system.