Biotransformation of polyfluoroalkyl substances by microbial consortia from constructed wetlands under aerobic and anoxic conditions.

Affiliation

School of Environmental Science and Technology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The wide application of 6:2 fluorotelomer sulfonate (6:2 FTS) and its precursors results in their ubiquitous occurrence in the environment. This study investigated the biotransformation of 6:2 FTS using fresh slurries collected from constructed wetland under aerobic and anoxic conditions. Biotransformation rates of 6:2 FTS was extremely slow under both aerobic and anoxic conditions. The analysis of transformation products showed that less than 0.7 mol% of initial concentration of 6:2 FTS was biotransformed under anoxic conditions. Effects of 6:2 FTS on the shifts in microbial community in wetland slurry during aerobic and anoxic transformation were evaluated using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. Under aerobic conditions, 6:2 FTS altered the microbial community structure, in which Methylocaldum (Gamma-proteobacteria) became the predominant genus after being exposed to 6:2 FTS. This means that Methylocaldum appears to have higher tolerance to 6:2 FTS and seems to be potential 6:2 FTS-degrading bacteria. Under anoxic transformation, only the genus Methanomethylovorans (Euryarchaeota) was increased remarkably in wetland slurry exposed to 6:2 FTS.

Keywords

6:2 fluorotelomer sulfonate,Biotransformation,Constructed wetland,Methylocaldum,Microbial community,

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